Cancer Treatment Options: Surgery, Radiation, and Chemotherapy

Cancer Treatment


Cancer, a group of chronic diseases, is characterized by abnormal growth of cells. These cancerous cells divide and multiply uncontrollably and would spread to surrounding tissues and can also form malignant tumors. Benign tumors are not cancerous and unlike malignant tumors, they do not grow back once they are removed. Cancer can begin in almost any body part and can have varying degrees of severity. Treating cancer is not simple but can be successful once it is detected early and has not spread to other parts of the body. There are several options for treating cancer, but the most common and successful options are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Surgery To Cure Cancer

Surgery has been used in cancer treatment for many years. It is also a vital element in the prevention, diagnosis and staging of cancer and also in finding out how much it has spread. Surgery to remove cancer can be done in two ways. The first one is curative surgery which can be used as the main treatment if the cancer is found in just one part of the body and there is the likelihood that all cancer can be removed. The other one is surgery to debunk cancer which is done to remove as much as possible but not all of cancer. This can be because if removing the entire tumor can cause irreparable damage to nearby tissues or organs. What’s left would then be treated with other treatments like radiation and chemotherapy.

Radiation Treatment

Radiation therapy is one of the most common cancer treatments, used on its own or in conjunction with other treatments. It uses high-energy particles or waves to kill or damage the cancer cells or even slows their growth. Radiation therapy does not kill cancer cells immediately rather; it takes days or even weeks of treatments for the cells to start dying. Then afterward, when the treatment stops, the cells will continue dying for weeks or months that follows.

Chemotherapy Treatment

Chemotherapy in simple terms is the use of medicines or drugs in the treatment of cancer. While surgery and radiation therapy can only work on certain areas of the body, chemotherapy can work on the entire body. This implies that chemotherapy can kill even cancer cells that spread far from the area of origin. The effectiveness of this therapy largely depends on the kind of cancer as well as the stage. It has proven useful in combination with surgery in treating such cancer types as breast, pancreatic, testicular, and ovarian and various other types of cancer.

Treating cancer is successful if detected early. Therefore, regular checkups are very advisable and if detected discuss with your doctor on the best treatment options depending on the type of cancer you have.